His major book, A Secret World: Sexuality and the Search for Celibacy, concluded that 6 per cent of priests (later revised to 9 per cent) had had sexual contact with minors and that at least a third of clergy were homosexuals.
For years his research work was called into question by the American hierarchy, but he has been posthumously vindicated with the removal from ministry and resignation of retired US cardinal Theodore McCarrick, Archbishop of Washington DC, followed by the shocking findings of more than 301 children being raped over 70 years by clergy in six dioceses in Pennsylvania. Sipe was critical of how Pope Benedict XVI, in his 2010 apostolic letter to the Catholics of Ireland in the wake of the Murphy report, ignored Rome’s culpability and attributed failures by bishops in the Dublin archdiocese to their ignoring canon law.
Americans are now learning that, in 2010, Sipe published evidence relating to McCarrick’s alleged abuse of seminarians, and wrote to Pope Benedict informing him that McCarrick’s alleged activities “had been widely known for decades”.
Raised in Minnesota, the fourth of 10 children, he studied at the Benedictine Monastery in Collegeville. His full name in religion was Fr Aquinas Walter Richard Sipe. After graduation he pursued further studies in Rome at the College of Sant Anselmo and St. John’s Seminary in Collegeville before being ordained in 1959. Further studies brought him to Kansas and Baltimore.
His research into priestly celibacy emerged after his Benedictine superiors asked him to train for and research the mental health problems and stresses of priests. From the 1960s he became concerned about the extent of sex abuse in the church. Systematically, he assembled data on the crisis. After leaving the priesthood in 1970, Sipe married Marianne Benkert, a psychiatrist and former nun and worked as a psychotherapist in Baltimore and as a consultant to the archdiocese.
In Baltimore in the 1980s Sipe insisted that “the celibate sexual system” expected priests to be chaste but failed to train them to do so. He concluded that no more than half of priests at any given time were leading genuine celibate lives.
Read more at the Irish Times